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As long as all of the data is still readable, then problematic sectors don't carry over to other drives because the very nature of problematic sectors is that they are specific to the hardware itself. Copying data from one drive to another won't cause the data to be copied in a way that will inflict damage on the destination. Even if you had bad sectors where active data resided, then to my knowledge there's no difference in terms of how Reflect handles that situation when reading the source as part of a clone operation vs. an image backup, but Macrium Support might be able to weigh in on that here.
Apart from that potential difference though, there isn't going to be a difference in the end result on the new disk between these two migration methods. The only differences are in how you get there. All else being equal, a clone will be faster because you're copying data straight from source to the destination in a single operation. But it requires you to have the appropriate hardware to have the source and destination devices connected simultaneously, e.g. multiple drive bays/slots or appropriate adapters. Not everyone has those, especially those with laptop users working with M.2 SSDs, since most laptops only have one M.2 slot for storage and not everyone has M.2 SATA or M.2 NVMe to USB adapters.
By comparison, an image and restore is a two-step process where you "park" your data on a third device, such as an external hard drive or network location. Essentially, you capture the content of your source disk to a file, and then as a separate process restore the contents of that file to your destination. That takes longer because you have to write your data to that intermediate location and read from that location to your destination rather than going straight from source to destination. But if you don't have the type of hardware I described above for a clone operation, then this might be easier overall. And it has the side benefit of leaving you with a nice backup of your source disk all wrapped up in a single file.